"The Christianity of history is not Protestantism. If ever there were a safe truth it is this, and Protestantism has ever felt it so; to be deep in history is to cease to be a Protestant." (-John Henry Newman, An Essay on the Development of Christian Doctrine).

"Where the bishop is, there let the people gather; just as where ever Jesus Christ is, there is the Catholic Church". -St. Ignatius of Antioch (ca 110 AD)a martyr later thrown to the lions, wrote to a church in Asia Minor. Antioch was also where the term "Christian" was first used.

“But if I should be delayed, you should know how to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and foundation of truth.” 1 Timothy 3:15

"This is the sole Church of Christ, which in the Creed we profess to be one, holy, catholic and apostolic." -CCC 811

Thursday, June 18, 2009

Religions (Churches) and their Founders

Here's a list of Religions and Churches and their founders (source: Adherents.com). Since the Catholic Church's History is integral to the History of Christianity as a whole (Wikipedia), The Catholic Church' founder is Jesus Christ.

Judaism - Abraham; Moses
Rabbinic Judaism - Johanan ben Zakkai
Kabbala - Moses de Leon
Modern Hasidism - Israel ben Eliezer
The Haskala or Enlightenment - Moses Mendelson
Zionism - Theodore Herzl
Secular Humanistic Judaism - Sherwin T. Wine
Jews for Jesus - Moishe Rosen

Christianity [Catholicism both Eastern and Western Tradition] - Jesus Christ
Orthodox (Eastern) - Michael Cerularius, 1054

Protestants,
Lutherans - Martin Luther, 1517
Anabaptists - Zwingli, 1519
Church of England, Anglicanism - Henry VIII, 1534
Calvinism; Dutch Reformed - Calvin, 1536
Presbyterians - Knox, 1560
Puritans - Cartwright, 1570
Congregationalists - Brown, 1582
Baptists - John Smith, 1605
Episcopalians - Seabury, 1620
Quakers - Fox, 1654
Shakers - Ann Lee, 1741
Methodists - Wesley, 1744
Unitarians - Lindsay, 1774
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints - Joseph Smith, Jr. 1830
Churches of Christ, Christian Church - Campbell and Stone, 1832
Adventists - Miller, 1846
Jehovah's Witnesses - Russell, 1852
Salvation Army - Rev. General William Booth and Catherine Booth, 1865
Christian Science - Mary Baker Eddy, 1879
Unity School of Christianity - Fillmore, 1889
Pentecostals - Parham, 1900
[Iglesia ni Cristo - Felix Y. Manalo, 1914]
Worldwide Church of God - Herbert W. Armstrong, 1934
Calvary Chapel - Chuck Smith, 1965


Islam - Muhammad
Sunnis - Abu
Shi'ites - Abdullah bin Saba'a

A Muslim writer has generously provided us with these additional notes:
1.'Abu' was an early Sunni leader, but is not the 'founder' of the Sunnis, as distinct from other Muslim groups. There is no "founder" of Sunnis because they are the original Muslims 'the followers of Mohammed', then came other names.
2.'Ali' is not the founder of Shi'ites. "Abdullah bin Saba'a" is. 'Ali' is sometimes considered the founder of Shi'ites, although there were no Shi'ites at his time. But a man called "Abdullah bin Saba'a" said: "we are the Shi'ites of Ali" so they were called Shi'ites.

Sufi - Ahmad al-Quadina
Black Muslims - Timothy Drew


Buddhism: Buddha (Sidhartha Gautama)
Nichiren Buddhism - Nichiren

Hinduism
Transcendental Meditation - Guru Maharishi
Mahest Yogi
ISKCON - Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhuda
Rajneeshism/OSHO - Bhagwan Rajneesh
Divine Light Mission - Maharaj Ji
Vedanta Society - Swami Vivekenanda
Krishnamurti Foundation of America - Annie Besant
Free Pimitive Church of Divine Communion - Bubba Free John
Hanuman Foundation - Richard Alpert
Himalayan Institute of Yoga Science - Swami Rami
Self-Realization Fellowship - Paramahansa Yogananda
Shree Gurudev Siddha Yoga Ashram - Swami Muktananda Paramahansa

Sikhism - Guru Nanak
3HO Foundation - Yogi Bhajan


Taoism - Lao-Tze
Jainism - Mahavira
Confucianism - Kung-futze (Confucius)
Baha'i Faith - Baha'u'llah
Zoroastrinaism, Parsis - Zoroaster
Subud - RM.Muhamad Subud Sumohadiwijojo

Theosophy - Madame Helena Petrova Blavatsky
New Age - Alice Bailey
est: - Werner Erhard

Church Universal and Triumphant: - Elisabeth Prophet, 1958
Spititualism - Kate Fox, 1848;
Kardec Unitarian Universalist Association - merger of Unitarians and Univeralists, 1959
Eckankar - John Paul Twitchell

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